HowtocompostCompost isn’t the most attractive name. For the sake of writing, I wish it was called something like Black Gold (although oil seems to have snagged that title already) or really any other name that emphasized how awesome composting really is. If you’ve read my other post, then you know that I took a two-month composting hiatus because I’d turned into a fruit fly assassin. I’m sure the fruit fly war in my house was partially self-induced and partly weather related, so I’m back in the saddle and filling my countertop pail with gusto! The picture above is actually my compost pail; I never in my life would have imagined that I’d be taking a picture of its contents, but life is strange…

Why compost? Maybe you’re reading this and your interest in composting is less than zero; well, I challenge you to simply pay attention for one day to how many fruit and vegetable items you put into your trash can. Also include coffee grounds, egg shells, tea bags, and newspaper into your observations since these are compostable items. I know in the two months I didn’t compost, was throwing away tons of compostable materials. So, if you’re wondering if you would even have enough “stuff” to compost, then do a simple one-day observation.  Consider how you’d be keeping all of this from going into a plastic bag and into a landfill where it would take years and years (and years) to actually break down.

So instead of sending those materials into a landfill, walk them out into your backyard and let nature take those scraps and turn them into rich food for your garden and plants. Even if you don’t garden, compost anyway and let your gardening friend or neighbor use it when they have need. You may reap some fruit or veggie rewards for helping them out.

How to start? It’s so easy a child could do it.

1.) Get a container. My Granny would cut the top off of a milk jug, leaving the handle so it was easier to carry. You can buy a compost pail, but it’s not absolutely necessary. A lid is optional, but I personally don’t like to see the compost sitting there on the counter, so I go for a lid. Here’s a simple pail that includes a charcoal filter.

2.) Designate a spot in the backyard for your compost. If you’re just starting out, you can pick a spot that’s out of the way that gets some sun (not necessarily full sun). There are several ways to begin your pile:

    • Buy a composter- You can find them at your local hardware store, and they come in a variety of shapes and styles. We’ve used several, but I find I like the style that rotates; this makes turning the pile a no-brainer. Here’s one on Amazon: Yimby Tumbler Composter, Color Black
    • Build a composter- This can be as simple or as fancy as you want it to be. Living Green and Frugally has a great post about building the ultimate composter with three sections for various stages of compost. Check that out here.  Or if you want to keep things simple, you can get some simple wire fencing and make a large tube (no top or bottom obviously); secure it with zip ties, and put it where you want your compost pile to be. Boom. Instant composter. The important thing to remember is that your compost pile needs air and moisture, so fencing does a good job of keeping your pile in one place, but also allowing the pile to breathe.
    • Direct compost- One of my readers, Karen from To Work With My Hands, suggested direct composting, which means she digs a hole in her garden or bed and directly puts her compostable materials in it. So simple! I’ve seen some folks who do this in a trench form. They dig a small trench in an area of their yard and once it’s full of compostable materials, they cover it, and it gets to work. (I don’t think the trench would work for us since we have two dogs who will eat anything, and I mean ANYTHING.)

3.) Turn it… turn it good. Compost doesn’t like to sit still. Much like a teenager soaking in the sun, your compost needs to be turned (every week or so) to get some air flowing and encourage the break down of all that goodness. If you don’t turn it for a while, no big deal, just turn when you remember to. By turning, I mean to literally turn if you have a composter on a stand, or to use a shovel to take what’s in the bottom and move it to the top. Mix it up!

4.) Keep it moist. You never want you compost to be dry, so if you go a while without any rain, then just spray some water on it enough to moisten. This helps the composting process.

5.) Use it! Come spring, or whenever you decide to plant something, get to the bottom of your pile (some stationary compost bins actually have a little door at the bottom) and scoop out the black gold. You’ll know it’s ready when you can see the kitchen scraps, leaves, etc. They’ve broken down enough at this point to be unrecognizable. If you can, put the compost in your beds a week or so before planting. If you’re like me and simply never remember to do this, then use it the day of… I haven’t had any problems doing this.

Part 2: What to Compost…

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